Minnesota Bicycle Accident Law: Minn. Stat. §169.222
Minn. Stat. §169.222 is the primary statute governing bicycle law in the state of Minnesota. Minn. Stat. §169.222 enumerates and explains the primary rules that govern bicycle operation and lays forth the principles to be upheld in a court of law. For more information on Minnesota bicycle accident law or help understanding how these laws apply to your case contact our law firm.
Below are some provisions of Minnesota Statute §169.222 that might be a factor in a Minnesota bicycle accident. If a bicyclist is breaking Minnesota law when he or she is hit, it will probably affect the amount of compensation the bicyclist can recover, but it will probably not preclude recover.
Minnesota Traffic laws apply bicyclists. With a few exceptions, bicyclists have all of the rights and duties of the driver of any other vehicle on Minnesota roads.
Manner and number riding. No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped, except (1) on a baby seat attached to the bicycle, provided that the baby seat is equipped with a harness to hold the child securely in the seat and that protection is provided against the child’s feet hitting the spokes of the wheel or (2) in a seat attached to the bicycle operator.
Clinging to vehicle. People riding on bikes can’t attach the bike or themselves to a car or other vehicle while on a roadway.
Riding on roadway or shoulder. (a) Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as close as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway except under any of the following situations:
(1) when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction;
(2) when preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway;
(3) when reasonably necessary to avoid conditions, including fixed or moving objects, vehicles, pedestrians, animals, surface hazards, or narrow width lanes, that make it unsafe to continue along the right-hand curb or edge.
(b) If a bicycle is traveling on a shoulder of a roadway, the bicycle shall travel in the same direction as adjacent vehicular traffic.
(c) Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway or shoulder shall not ride more than two abreast and shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic and, on a laned roadway, shall ride within a single lane.
(d) A person operating a bicycle upon a sidewalk, or across a roadway or shoulder on a crosswalk, shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and shall give an audible signal when necessary before overtaking and passing any pedestrian. No person shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk within a business district unless permitted by local authorities. Local authorities may prohibit the operation of bicycles on any sidewalk or crosswalk under their jurisdiction.
(e) An individual operating a bicycle or other vehicle on a bikeway shall leave a safe distance when overtaking a bicycle or individual proceeding in the same direction on the bikeway, and shall maintain clearance until safely past the overtaken bicycle or individual.
(f) A person lawfully operating a bicycle on a sidewalk, or across a roadway or shoulder on a crosswalk, shall have all the rights and duties applicable to a pedestrian under the same circumstances.
Carrying articles. No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle, or article which prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand upon the handle bars or from properly operating the brakes of the bicycle.
Bicycle equipment. (a) Bicyclists must use a lamp at night that emits a white light visible from a distance of at least 500 feet to the front. A bicycle driven at night must also have a red reflector in the back.
(b) Bicycles must have brakes that “will enable the operator to make the braked wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement.”
(c) Handlebars can’t be raised so high that the driver’s hands have to be above the level of the shoulders in order to grasp the normal steering grip area.
(d) Bicycles driven on a highway can’t be of such a size as to prevent the operator from stopping the bicycle, supporting it with at least one foot on the highway surface and restarting in a safe manner.
Turning, lane change. Bicyclists must give an arm signal to turn right or left. The signal must be given continuously during the last 100 feet traveled by the bicycle before turning, unless the arm is needed to control the bicycle, and must be given while the bicycle is stopped waiting to turn.
Contact a Minnesota bicycle accident lawyer: 612-338-0202 or 1-888-377-8900 (toll free).